33 per cent of IOC Members are women.
February: The IOC took a historic step forward to advance gender equality and approve the Gender Equality Review Project with its 25 bold and action-orientated recommendations, covering areas such as participation, funding, governance and portrayal. For more information click here.
October: The Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina, marked a new milestone as the first fully gender balanced Olympic event ever – both on the field of play, and within the Organising Committee.
November: The IOC was presented the first “Power, Together” Award by Women Political Leaders (WPL), the Government of Iceland and the Parliament of Iceland for “driving global change” through its commitment to gender equality.
Female representation on IOC Commissions rose to 42.7 per cent, a historic high. This equates to a 98 per cent increase since 2013. Four women chaired an IOC Commission. The IOC Executive Board saw an increase in female members from 21.4 per cent in 2017 to 30.8 per cent.
The IOC renewed its partnership with UN Women on sport for gender equality.
A major review project regarding the current state of gender equality in the Olympic Movement was launched.
At the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a new record of participation for women was reached with 45 per cent female participation (5,176 women out of 11’444 athletes).
In Rio, gender equality was also for the first time part of the Olympic social legacies, through the ‘One Win Leads to Another’ project, a community-based sports programme born from the partnership with UN Women. Read the story here.
The IOC’s first annual IF Gender Equality Forum took place in partnership with ASOIF.
|2014||April: The IOC and the UN signed an MoU to strengthen their collaboration. This partnership includes the promotion of “girl’s and women’s empowerment”.
Women represented 40 per cent of the participants in the Olympic Winter Games.
Female participation in the Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing, China, set a new record, with 49 per cent of the total.
The adoption of Olympic Agenda 2020 showed the IOC’s ongoing commitment to gender equality in sport. For more information click here.
|2013||For the first time, four women became Members of the IOC Executive Board (26.6 per cent of the Board Members).|
|2012||The 5th World Conference on Women and Sport took place in Los Angeles, USA, with the following two main recommendations: “The IOC should revisit and review the minimum number of women to be included in leadership roles which it set for its constituents, and set up a mechanism to monitor and ensure that this minimum number is being respected” and “the IOC should establish closer working partnerships with the UN and its agencies, especially UN Women, and share in the work of the UN Committee on the Status of Women in order to foster its own gender equality agenda.” For more information click here.
Ms Nawal El Moutawakel was elected IOC Vice-President and was the first woman to chair an IOC Evaluation Commission.
Ms Claudia Bokel was elected Chair of the IOC Athletes’ Commission (and as a Member of the IOC Executive Board).
Ms Angela Ruggiero was appointed to chair the IOC Coordination Commission for the Winter Youth Olympic Games in Lillehammer in 2016.
The IOC signed an MoU with UN Women to advance gender equality and promote women’s empowerment through sport.
Boxing became open to women’s participation.
|2010||Former IOC President, Jacques Rogge appointed Ms Nawal El Moutawakel as Chair of the Coordination Commission for Olympic Games Rio 2016. For more information click here.|
|2009||The XIII Olympic Congress held in Copenhagen, Denmark, issued a recommendation aimed at strengthening the women and sport policy. For more information click here.|
|2008||The 4th IOC World Conference on Women and Sport took place by the Dead Sea, in Jordan, and adopted an Action Plan, which underlined the need for well-researched data upon which a strategy could be developed and promoted; and also emphasised that key performance indicators (KPI) should be set, and a mechanism developed to monitor progress. For more information click here.
Ms Nawal El Moutawakel was elected as a Member of the IOC Executive Board.
|2006||Golf* and rugby become open to women’s participation.|
|2004||Wrestling became open to women’s participation.
The 3rd IOC World Conference on Women and Sport, which was held in Marrakech, Morocco, reaffirmed the targets established in 1996 by the IOC, IFs and NOCs to have at least 20 per cent women on their executive boards and legislative bodies by 2005 and to consider the period beyond. For more information click here.
Ms Gunilla Lindberg was elected IOC Vice-President.
The IOC Women and Sport Working Group became a fully-fledged Commission.
|2002||Bobsleigh became open to women’s participation.|
|2000||During the 2nd IOC World Conference on Women in Sport, the following resolution was adopted: “The Olympic Movement must reserve at least 20 per cent of decision-making positions for women within their structures by the end of 2005.” For more information click here.
Introduction of the IOC Women and Sport Awards to promote the advancement of women in sport. To see the full list of the winners, click here.
Weightlifting, modern pentathlon, taekwondo and triathlon became open to women’s participation.
|1998||Curling and ice hockey became open to women’s participation.|
|1997||Ms Anita L. DeFrantz was elected as IOC Vice-President, the first woman to occupy this position.|
|1996||The 1st IOC World Conference on Women and Sport took place in Lausanne, Switzerland. Several recommendations were made including “that the IFs and the NOCs create special committees or working groups composed of at least 10 per cent women to design and implement a plan of action with a view to promoting women in sport”. For more information click here.
The Olympic Charter was amended to include, for the first time in history, an explicit reference to the need for work in this area.
Football and softball became open to women’s participation.
|1995||The IOC established a Women and Sport Working Group to advise the Executive Board on suitable policies to be implemented in the field of gender equality.|
|1992||Badminton, judo and biathlon became open to women’s participation.|
|1991||A historic decision was made by the IOC: Any new sport seeking to be included on the Olympic programme had to include women’s events.|
|1990||Ms Flor Isava Fonseca was the first woman to be elected on to the IOC Executive Board.|
|1988||Tennis*, table tennis and sailing became open to women’s participation.|
|1984||Shooting and cycling became open to women’s participation.|
|1981||Ms Flor Isava-Fonseca and Ms Pirjo Haeggman were the first women to be co-opted as IOC Members.|
|1980||Hockey became open to women’s participation.|
|1976||Rowing, basketball and handball became open to women’s participation.|
|1964||Volleyball and luge became open to women’s participation.|
|1960||At the Olympic Winter Games, over 20 per cent of the participants were women.|
|1952||Equestrian became open to women’s participation.|
|1948||Canoe-Kayak became open to women’s participation.|
|1936||Skiing became open to women’s participation.|
|1928||Athletics and gymnastics became open to women’s participation. Women’s participation in the Olympic Games went up to nearly 10 per cent. For more information click here.|
|1912||Aquatic events became open to women’s participation.|
|1908||Skating and tennis* became open to women’s participation.|
|1904||Archery became open to women’s participation.|
|1900||For the first time, women participated in the Games in Paris, France. Twenty-two women (2.2 per cent) out of a total of 997 athletes competed in five sports: tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrian and golf.|
* Sports which were re-introduced to the Olympic Programme.