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Triathlon


Triathlon was invented as an alternative workout to track training in the 1970s, and made its Olympic debut at the 2000 Sydney Games.

Alternative workout

Triathlon was invented in the early 1970s by the San Diego Track Club, as an alternative workout to the rigours of track training. The club's first event consisted of a 10km run, an 8km cycle and a 500m swim. Over the next decade, triathlon’s popularity continued to build, and it soon gained worldwide recognition.

First World Championships

In 1989, the International Triathlon Union (ITU) was founded in Avignon, France, and the first official World Championships were held. The official distance for triathlon was set at a 1,500m swim, a 40km cycle and a 10km run – taken from existing events in each discipline already on the Olympic programme.

World cup circuit

In 1991, the ITU launched its first full season of the World Cup circuit. Twelve races were contested in nine different countries. More World Cup races have subsequently been added every year as the sport’s appeal continues to grow.

Olympic debut

Triathlon made its Olympic full medal debut at the 2000 Sydney Games. This helped the sport to become even more popular. It now has over 120 affiliated national federations around the world.

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Gallery

Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon
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Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon

Hanne Peeters BEL tags Gergely Kiss HUN in the Triathlon Mixed Relay Continental Team Event at Bosques de Palermo, Green Park. The Youth Olympic Games, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Thursday 11th October 2018.
Ivo Gonzalez for OIS/IOC
Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon
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Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon

Paula Vega ECU, Jung Won Lee KOR, Eva Daniels LUX and Amber Schlebusch RSA (left to right) in action among other competitors during the Triathlon Mixed Relay Continental Team Event at the Bosques de Palermo, Green Park. The Youth Olympic Games, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Thursday 11th October 2018.
Ivo Gonzalez for OIS/IOC
Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon
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Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon

Athletes at the start of the Swimming leg of the Men's Triathlon at the Bosques de Palermo, Green Park. The Youth Olympic Games, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Monday 8th October 2018.
Gabriel Heusi for OIS/IOC
Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon
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Buenos Aires 2018 - Triathlon

Amber Schlebusch RSA crosses the finish line to win the Women's Triathlon. The Youth Olympic Games, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Sunday 7th October 2018.
Jed Leicester for OIS/IOC
Triathlon - Women's Individual
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Triathlon - Women's Individual

Emma Moffatt of Australia (52) races into the water during the Women's Triathlon on Day 15 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at Fort Copacabana on August 20, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
Triathlon - Women's Individual
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Triathlon - Women's Individual

Nicola Spirig Hug of Switzerland rides during the Women's Triathlon on Day 15 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at Fort Copacabana on August 20, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
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