skip to content
Sailing


Sailing is the art of moving a boat by harnessing the power of wind. Mastery over ever-changing conditions requires both great skill and experience.

America’s Cup

International yacht racing began in 1851 when a syndicate of members of the New York Yacht Club built a 101-foot schooner named America. The yacht was sailed to England where it won a trophy called the Hundred Guineas Cup in a race around the Isle of Wight. The trophy was renamed The America's Cup and remained in the hands of the United States until 1983, when an Australian yacht finally brought to an end the New York Yacht Club’s 132-year winning streak.

Evolving design

Sailing was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games. Since then, the classes of boats allowed to compete have continually evolved to reflect advances in yacht design and technology. Equipment advances over the past 20 years have created a trend towards smaller and lighter craft, placing ever greater demands on both the athletic and technical capacities of the sailors.

Class rules

The sport is organised under a single set of rules for racing published by World Sailing. Olympic racing is now conducted with boats categorised into one-design classes based on similar weights and measurements.

Fleet racing and match racing

Races are sailed in what is known as a fleet racing format: fleets of equally-matched boats racing around the same course area at the same time. Courses are designed to incorporate a variety of different sailing angles: upwind, downwind and reaching.

There are two new additions for the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. The 49erFX skiff has been introduced for women’s sailors and a mixed multihull for male and female sailors to compete side by side.

More
More


Gallery

Sailing - Laser Radial Women
Image Alt Text

Sailing - Laser Radial Women

Anne-Marie Rindom of Denmark competes in the Women's Laser Radial class on Day 5 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 10, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
play
https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2016/08/rio/18/sailing-women-men-ef-470/sailing-women-men-ef-470_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Sailing - 470 - Two Person Dinghy - Rio 2016 Olympic Games

Highlights of the Sailing - 470 - Two Person Dinghy Men / Women on Day 13 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at Marina da Glória on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
IOC
Sailing - Laser Men
Image Alt Text

Sailing - Laser Men

Tonci Stipanovic of Croatia competes in the Men's Laser on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
Sailing - Finn Men
Image Alt Text

Sailing - Finn Men

Max Salminen of Sweden, Caleb Paine of the United States and Giles Scott of Great Britain compete in the Men's Finn medal class race on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
Sailing - Laser Men
Image Alt Text

Sailing - Laser Men

Tonci Stipanovic of Croatia competes in the Men's Laser class on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
Sailing - Nacra 17 Mixed
Image Alt Text

Sailing - Nacra 17 Mixed

Bora Gulari of the United States and Louisa Chafee of the United States compete in the Nacra 17 Mixed class on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Getty Images
More

back to top Fr