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Sailing


Sailing is the art of moving a boat by harnessing the power of wind. Mastery over ever-changing conditions requires both great skill and experience.

America’s Cup

International yacht racing began in 1851 when a syndicate of members of the New York Yacht Club built a 101-foot schooner named America. The yacht was sailed to England where it won a trophy called the Hundred Guineas Cup in a race around the Isle of Wight. The trophy was renamed The America's Cup and remained in the hands of the United States until 1983, when an Australian yacht finally brought to an end the New York Yacht Club’s 132-year winning streak.

Evolving design

Sailing was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games. Since then, the classes of boats allowed to compete have continually evolved to reflect advances in yacht design and technology. Equipment advances over the past 20 years have created a trend towards smaller and lighter craft, placing ever greater demands on both the athletic and technical capacities of the sailors.

Class rules

The sport is organised under a single set of rules for racing published by World Sailing. Olympic racing is now conducted with boats categorised into one-design classes based on similar weights and measurements.

Fleet racing and match racing

Races are sailed in what is known as a fleet racing format: fleets of equally-matched boats racing around the same course area at the same time. Courses are designed to incorporate a variety of different sailing angles: upwind, downwind and reaching.

There are two new additions for the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. The 49erFX skiff has been introduced for women’s sailors and a mixed multihull for male and female sailors to compete side by side.

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Gallery

Sailing - 49er Women
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Sailing - 49er Women

(L-R) Silver medalists Alex Maloney of New Zealand and Molly Meech of New Zealand, gold medalists Martine Grael of Brazil and Kahena Kunze of Brazil, and bronze medalists Jena Hansen of Denmark and Katja Steen Salskov-Iversen of Denmark celebrate following the Women's Sailing 49er FX race at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 470 Men
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Sailing - 470 Men

Mathew Belcher of Australia and Will Ryan of Australia compete on their way to winning the silver medal in the Men's 470 class at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - Nacra 17 Mixed
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Sailing - Nacra 17 Mixed

(L-R) Silver medalists Jason Waterhouse of Australia and Lisa Darmanin of Australia, gold medalists Santiago Lange of Argentina and Cecilia Carranza Saroli of Argentina, and bronze medalists Thomas Zajac of Austria and Tanja Frank of Austria celebrate on the podium for the Nacra 17 Mixed class on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 49er Women
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Sailing - 49er Women

The Women's Sailing 49er FX class medal race gets underway at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 49er Men
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Sailing - 49er Men

Nathan Outteridge of Australia and Iain Jensen of Australia compete on their way to winning the silver in the Men's Sailing 49er class at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 470 Women
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Sailing - 470 Women

Jo Aleh of New Zealand and Polly Powrie of New Zealand compete in the Women's Sailing 470 class at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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