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Sailing


Sailing is the art of moving a boat by harnessing the power of wind. Mastery over ever-changing conditions requires both great skill and experience.

America’s Cup

International yacht racing began in 1851 when a syndicate of members of the New York Yacht Club built a 101-foot schooner named America. The yacht was sailed to England where it won a trophy called the Hundred Guineas Cup in a race around the Isle of Wight. The trophy was renamed The America's Cup and remained in the hands of the United States until 1983, when an Australian yacht finally brought to an end the New York Yacht Club’s 132-year winning streak.

Evolving design

Sailing was first contested as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games. Since then, the classes of boats allowed to compete have continually evolved to reflect advances in yacht design and technology. Equipment advances over the past 20 years have created a trend towards smaller and lighter craft, placing ever greater demands on both the athletic and technical capacities of the sailors.

Class rules

The sport is organised under a single set of rules for racing published by World Sailing. Olympic racing is now conducted with boats categorised into one-design classes based on similar weights and measurements.

Fleet racing and match racing

Races are sailed in what is known as a fleet racing format: fleets of equally-matched boats racing around the same course area at the same time. Courses are designed to incorporate a variety of different sailing angles: upwind, downwind and reaching.

There are two new additions for the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. The 49erFX skiff has been introduced for women’s sailors and a mixed multihull for male and female sailors to compete side by side.

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Gallery

Sailing - Laser Radial Women
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Sailing - Laser Radial Women

Annalise Murphy of Ireland celebrates winning the silver medal in the Women's Laser Radial class on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 49er Men
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Sailing - 49er Men

Peter Burling of New Zealand and Blair Tuke of New Zealand compete in the Men's 49er class at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 470 Men
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Sailing - 470 Men

(L-R) Silver medalists Mathew Belcher of Australia and Will Ryan of Australia, gold medalists Sime Fantela of Croatia and Igor Marenic of Croatia, and bronze medalists Panagiotis Mantis of Greece and Pavlos Kagialis of Greece celebrate following the Men's 470 class race at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - RS:X - Windsurfer Women
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Sailing - RS:X - Windsurfer Women

Charline Picon of France competes on the way to winning the gold medal in the Women's Sailing RS:X class on Day 9 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 14, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - 49er Women
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Sailing - 49er Women

Martine Grael of Brazil and Kahena Kunze of Brazil are carried ashore as they celebrate winning gold in the Women's Sailing 49er FX class at the Marina da Gloria on Day 13 of the 2016 Rio Olympic Games on August 18, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Sailing - Laser Radial Women
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Sailing - Laser Radial Women

(L-R) Silver medalist Annalise Murphy of Ireland, gold medalist Marit Bouwmeester of the Netherlands and bronze medalist Anne-Marie Rindom of Denmark celebrate on the podium for the Women's Laser Radial class on Day 11 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games at the Marina da Gloria on August 16, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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