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Everyone in sport shares the collective responsibility to safeguard athletes from harassment and abuse in sport.

The IOC has developed several initiatives to provide education and raise awareness of this important subject.

All of these initiatives were developed in collaboration with subject matter experts and Olympic Movement stakeholders including athletes, NOC and IF representatives, and expert groups.

This is essential for ensuring that the IOC initiatives are centred around best practice and are applicable across the Olympic Movement.


Important steps in the prevention of harassment and abuse include the development, implementation and communication of athlete-safeguarding policies and procedures.

However, to truly maximise the effectiveness of such policies, which means to have a lasting and positive impact on athlete welfare, there are other barriers that should be considered and addressed.

These include, but are not limited to:

  • Fear of reporting;
  • Lack of understanding of what constitutes harassment and abuse;
  • Assumptions that the responsibilities related to athlete safeguarding apply to someone else;
  • Aspects of sports culture, which research suggests may facilitate harassment and abuse; and
  • Mistrust of the reporting procedure.
IOC Educational Tools – Quick links:

All the above may be addressed through educational programmes and materials for all those involved in sport.

The IOC has developed several educational tools related to athlete safeguarding, which are free and accessible for all athletes and entourage members.

These four key IOC tools are:

Athlete Learning Gateway:

Athlete Safeguarding Course

This free, bite-sized course for athletes and athletes’ entourage members, delivered by Dr Margo Mountjoy and Mr Sheldon Kennedy, provides an overview of the core components of athlete safeguarding.

Female Athlete Health Tool:

Interactive tool

As well as a module on harassment and abuse, this tool considers other topics important for female athletes’ health, including injury prevention and nutrition.

Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport:

Interactive tool

This interactive tool provides real-life examples through 10 scenarios of what harassment and abuse in sport means; the forms it can take; how you can identify and prevent it; and ultimately how you can protect yourself and others.

Draw the Line:

Interactive tool

This interactive tool, which was specifically developed for young athletes, provides examples of what may constitute harassment and abuse, using case studies.


The IOC has produced two consensus statements related to the prevention of harassment and abuse in sport. The IOC Consensus Statements were developed in collaboration with subject matter experts and researchers.

Consensus Statement 2007

This document summarises scientific knowledge about the different forms of sexual harassment and abuse, the risk factors that might alert the sports community to early intervention, and the myths that deflect attention from these problems. It also proposes a set of recommendations for awareness-raising, policy development and implementation, education and prevention, and enhancement of best practice.

Consensus Statement 2016

This Consensus Statement extends the 2007 IOC Consensus Statement on Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport, presenting additional evidence of several other types of harassment and abuse — psychological, physical and neglect. All ages and types of athletes are susceptible to these problems, but science confirms that elite, disabled, child and lesbian/gay/bisexual/trans-sexual (LGBT) athletes are at highest risk, that psychological abuse is at the core of all other forms, and that athletes can also be perpetrators.


The IOC has developed various educational videos and media tools to raise awareness about the prevention of harassment and abuse in sport which are available to share.

Please contact for further information.

Below is an animation that was used during the 2018 Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires with the objective of raising awareness about the different forms of harassment and abuse. The video is fully animated to ensure that it is useful for multiple languages.

IOC Safe Sport initiatives – Quick links:
3:00 play

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