skip to content
Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions

Important tools have been created since the adoption of Olympic Agenda 2020 to protect sport’s credibility and integrity. These include the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions (OM Code PMC), which was approved by the IOC Executive Board in December 2015. First implemented at the Olympic Games Rio 2016, the OM Code PMC aims to provide sports organisations with harmonised regulations in compliance with the provisions of the Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions (Macolin Convention) in order to protect competitions from the risk of manipulation. It defines violations and minimum standards for disciplinary procedures.

Full text of the Code: 

English French German Spanish Arabic Icelandic Japanese Portuguese  and  Turkish*

*Legally only the English and French versions are considered official. Additional languages are available to facilitate the adoption by NOCs/NFs. The OM Unit PMC would like to warmly thank the NOCs of Japan, Turkey and Egypt for translating the OM Code PMC into Japanese, Turkish and Arabic respectively.

In the event of a breach of this Code during the Olympic Games, the disciplinary process applicable is described in the IOC Code of Ethics.

Who should implement the Code and how?

The Olympic Charter states that all International Sports Federations (IFs) within the Olympic Movement must adopt and implement the OM Code PMC (Rule 25) and that, during the Olympic Games, compliance with the OM Code PMC is mandatory for the whole Olympic Movement (Rule 43).

Therefore, it is mandatory for:

  • all International Sports Federations officially recognised by the IOC to implement the Code; and
  • all International and National Sports Federations that govern Olympic sports to implement the Code for the upcoming Olympic Games in which they will take part.
  • International Sports Federations (IFs)
  • In order to be recognised by the IOC, IFs – as per rule 25 of the Olympic Charter – need to have adopted and implemented the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. The OM Unit PMC offers concrete support to IFs in developing relevant regulations and has for this purpose developed model rules for IFs and national sports federations. The OM Unit PMC has also developed guidelines for sanctioning that are available upon request via email: OMUnitPMC@olympic.org.

    Model rules for IFs

  • National Olympic Committees (NOCs)
  • As part of the Olympic Movement, NOCs must adopt and implement the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. The OM Unit PMC offers dedicated model rules to assist NOCs in this task.  

    Model rules for NOCs

    NOCs are expected to adopt the OM Code PMC and to assist their National Sports Federations (NFs) to develop relevant rules in line with the OM Code PMC, as in national competitions the jurisdiction to investigate and sanction relevant breaches lies with the National Sports Federations. The OM Unit PMC is developing a network of NOC Single Points of Contacts (SPOCs). Among other tasks, each SPOC is expected to support the NOC in the adoption of the OM Code PMC and help its National Sports Federations with ensuring that relevant rules, as well as a relevant disciplinary framework in line with the OM Code PMC, are in place.

  • National Sports Federations (NFs)
  • In line with Rule 29 of the Olympic Charter, in order to be recognised as a member by the respective NOCs, NFs should comply with all rules of their respective IF, including this Code. Outside the Olympic Games, NFs are a key component, notably when it comes to sanctioning potential breaches of the OM Code PMC. NOCs should support their NFs in developing relevant rules, disciplinary procedures and sanctions. Beyond the continuous support that the OM Unit PMC will be offering to NOCs in this direction, the OM Unit PMC has also developed model rules for NFs.  

    Model rules for NFs

  • Competition Organisers
  • IF Competitions

    Outside the Olympic Games, the regulations and/or disciplinary code applicable to the competitions of each IF should be in line with the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. These should include the disciplinary process and the sanctions.

    Other Multi-Sports Competitions

    Organisers of national or international multi-sports competitions should also ensure that relevant regulations are in place. For this purpose, the OM Unit PMC has also developed model rules for multi-sports competition organisers.

    Model rules for multi-sports competition organisers

  • Professional Leagues
  • Leagues are also recommended to adopt relevant rules in line with the OM Code PMC.

The OM CODE PMC IMPLEMENTATION SUPPORT FRAMEWORK

Step 1: Implementation

Step 2: Implementation Questionnaire

Step 3: Code Implementation Check and Tailored Support

Dedicated support for implementation of the OM Code PMC is available upon request via email: OMUnitPMC@olympic.org.

Relevant Documents prepared by the OM Unit PMC
  • Model Criminal Law Provisions for the Prosecution of Competition Manipulation
  • In June 2016, the IOC and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched their joint publication “Model Criminal Law Provisions for the Prosecution of Competition Manipulation: Booklet for Legislators”. 

    Download the publication in EnglishSpanish, Arabic and Vietnamese.

    Based on an extensive legal analysis of 52 national jurisdictions that criminalise match-fixing, the booklet includes a checklist of best practice elements identified from national legislations. It also proposes Model Criminal Law Provisions and additional guidelines for consideration by national legislators seeking to introduce legislative measures to combat competition manipulation.

  • Guidelines for Sports Organisations on various topics
  • Sponsorship by Sports Betting Operators

    These guidelines aim to act as a reference for sports organisations when considering entering into a new sponsorship agreement with a sports betting operator.

    Download guidelines in English

    Sanctioning of Competition Manipulation by Sports Organisations

    These guidelines aim to support sports disciplinary bodies in establishing fair sanctions when a breach has been established.

    Download guidelines in English

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE 3 PILLAR STRATEGY, AS AN ATHLETE, A COACH, A MEMBER OF THE ATHLETE’S ENTOURAGE OR A STAKEHOLDER OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT, PLEASE READ ABOUT OUR STRATEGY BELOW:

PREVENTION OF COMPETITION MANIPULATION

Protecting clean athletes and keeping sport fair are top priorities for the ioc. in recent years, manipulation of sports competitions has become more commonplace. the ioc is committed to fighting all forms of cheating that threaten both the integrity and the essence of sport.

View more

AWARENESS RAISING AND CAPACITY BUILDING

The unit conducts awareness raising and capacity building efforts and also supports and facilitates education efforts conducted by other organisations by providing insights, materials and sharing best practices

View more

INTELLIGENCE AND INVESTIGATIONS

The unit assesses the risks of competition manipulation and aggregates, analyses and disseminates intelligence connected to it. the intelligence and investigation pillar of the unit works as the focal point between the betting industry and the sports movement.

View more

Integrity Hotline

This Hotline can be used to report 
- suspicious approaches or activities related to competition manipulation
- incidents of harassment and/or abuse
- any other infringements of the IOC Code of Ethics or other matters including financial misconduct or further legal, regulatory and ethical breaches over which the IOC has jurisdiction.
Confidentiality guaranteed. 

Learn more

Integrity

The IOC is committed to strengthening the integrity of sports organisations and protecting clean athletes. The fight against doping and any other forms of cheating in sport on the one hand, and the strengthening of ethics with improvements in transparency, good governance and accountability of sports organisations on the other, have been top priorities for the IOC.

Learn more
back to top Fr