Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions
Important tools have been created since the adoption of Olympic Agenda 2020 to protect sport’s credibility and integrity. These include the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions (OM Code PMC), which was approved by the IOC Executive Board in December 2015. First implemented at the Olympic Games Rio 2016, the OM Code PMC aims to provide sports organisations with harmonised regulations in compliance with the provisions of the Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions (Macolin Convention) in order to protect competitions from the risk of manipulation. It defines violations and minimum standards for disciplinary procedures.
Full text of the Code:
*Legally only the English and French versions are considered official. Additional languages are available to facilitate the adoption by NOCs/NFs. The OM Unit PMC would like to warmly thank the NOCs of Japan, Turkey and Egypt for translating the OM Code PMC into Japanese, Turkish and Arabic respectively.
In the event of a breach of this Code during the Olympic Games, the disciplinary process applicable is described in the IOC Code of Ethics.
Who should implement the Code and how?
The Olympic Charter states that all International Sports Federations (IFs) within the Olympic Movement must adopt and implement the OM Code PMC (Rule 25) and that, during the Olympic Games, compliance with the OM Code PMC is mandatory for the whole Olympic Movement (Rule 43).
Therefore, it is mandatory for:
- all International Sports Federations officially recognised by the IOC to implement the Code; and
- all International and National Sports Federations that govern Olympic sports to implement the Code for the upcoming Olympic Games in which they will take part.
- International Sports Federations (IFs)
In order to be recognised by the IOC, IFs – as per rule 25 of the Olympic Charter – need to have adopted and implemented the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. The OM Unit PMC offers concrete support to IFs in developing relevant regulations and has for this purpose developed model rules for IFs and national sports federations. The OM Unit PMC has also developed guidelines for sanctioning that are available upon request via email: OMUnitPMC@olympic.org.
- National Olympic Committees (NOCs)
As part of the Olympic Movement, NOCs must adopt and implement the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. The OM Unit PMC offers dedicated model rules to assist NOCs in this task.
NOCs are expected to adopt the OM Code PMC and to assist their National Sports Federations (NFs) to develop relevant rules in line with the OM Code PMC, as in national competitions the jurisdiction to investigate and sanction relevant breaches lies with the National Sports Federations. The OM Unit PMC is developing a network of NOC Single Points of Contacts (SPOCs). Among other tasks, each SPOC is expected to support the NOC in the adoption of the OM Code PMC and help its National Sports Federations with ensuring that relevant rules, as well as a relevant disciplinary framework in line with the OM Code PMC, are in place.
- National Sports Federations (NFs)
In line with Rule 29 of the Olympic Charter, in order to be recognised as a member by the respective NOCs, NFs should comply with all rules of their respective IF, including this Code. Outside the Olympic Games, NFs are a key component, notably when it comes to sanctioning potential breaches of the OM Code PMC. NOCs should support their NFs in developing relevant rules, disciplinary procedures and sanctions. Beyond the continuous support that the OM Unit PMC will be offering to NOCs in this direction, the OM Unit PMC has also developed model rules for NFs.
- Competition Organisers
Outside the Olympic Games, the regulations and/or disciplinary code applicable to the competitions of each IF should be in line with the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions. These should include the disciplinary process and the sanctions.
Other Multi-Sports Competitions
Organisers of national or international multi-sports competitions should also ensure that relevant regulations are in place. For this purpose, the OM Unit PMC has also developed model rules for multi-sports competition organisers.
- Professional Leagues
Leagues are also recommended to adopt relevant rules in line with the OM Code PMC.
The OM CODE PMC IMPLEMENTATION SUPPORT FRAMEWORK
Step 1: Implementation
Step 2: Implementation Questionnaire
Step 3: Code Implementation Check and Tailored Support
Dedicated support for implementation of the OM Code PMC is available upon request via email: OMUnitPMC@olympic.org.
Relevant Documents prepared by the OM Unit PMC
- Model Criminal Law Provisions for the Prosecution of Competition Manipulation
In June 2016, the IOC and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched their joint publication “Model Criminal Law Provisions for the Prosecution of Competition Manipulation: Booklet for Legislators”.
Based on an extensive legal analysis of 52 national jurisdictions that criminalise match-fixing, the booklet includes a checklist of best practice elements identified from national legislations. It also proposes Model Criminal Law Provisions and additional guidelines for consideration by national legislators seeking to introduce legislative measures to combat competition manipulation.
- Guidelines for Sports Organisations on various topics
Sponsorship by Sports Betting Operators
These guidelines aim to act as a reference for sports organisations when considering entering into a new sponsorship agreement with a sports betting operator.
Sanctioning of Competition Manipulation by Sports Organisations
These guidelines aim to support sports disciplinary bodies in establishing fair sanctions when a breach has been established.