OLYMPIC MOVEMENT CODE ON THE PREVENTION OF THE MANIPULATION OF COMPETITIONS
Important tools to protect sport’s credibility and integrity have been created since the adoption of Olympic Agenda 2020.
These include the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions, which aims to facilitate the cooperation of the Olympic Movement stakeholders on this matter and has been integrated into the Olympic Charter along with the World Anti-Doping Code.
In December 2015, the IOC Executive Board approved the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions, which was implemented for the first time during the Olympic Games Rio 2016.
This Code aims to provide sports organisations with harmonised regulations to protect all competitions from the risk of manipulation. It defines the different kinds of violations and minimum standards of disciplinary procedures.
All National Olympic Committees (NOCs), International Federations (IFs) and their respective members at continental, regional and national levels as well as IOC-recognised organisations are called upon to take all appropriate measures within their power to implement this Code by reference, or to implement similar regulations or those more stringent than this Code.
Model Rules are available to assist all sports organisations in the implementation of the Code.
SPORTS BETTING AT THE OLYMPIC GAMES
Since 2006, the IOC Code of Ethics has prohibited all participants at the Olympic Games from betting on Olympic events, and obliges all participants to report any approach or suspicion of manipulation. In addition, specific rules are drafted for each edition of the Olympic Games:
- XXIII Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018 Rules on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions
- The Rules of Application during the Games of the XXXI Olympiad in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro
- 2006-2014 Olympic Games rules
COUNCIL OF EUROPE CONVENTION ON THE MANIPULATION OF COMPETITIONS
The Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Competitions is the only specific international convention in relation to competition manipulation. Non-European states may become signatories.
The Convention notably calls for the establishment of ‘National Platforms’:
- to serve as an information hub;
- to coordinate the fight against the manipulation of sports competitions;
- to receive, centralise and analyse suspicious sports betting;
- to pass on information to public authorities, sports organisations or sports betting operators; and
- to cooperate with all organisations and relevant authorities at national and international levels.
The IOC was involved in the drafting of the Convention, supports the Council of Europe in the implementation of the Convention, and is closely cooperating with the network of existing national platforms.
MODEL CRIMINAL LAW PROVISIONS FOR THE PROSECUTION OF COMPETITION MANIPULATION
In June 2016, the IOC and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched their joint publication “Model Criminal Law Provisions for the Prosecution of Competition Manipulation: Booklet for Legislators”. Download the publication in English, Vietnamese
Based on an extensive legal analysis of 52 national jurisdictions that criminalise match-fixing, the booklet includes a checklist of “best practice” elements identified from national legislation. It also proposes Model Criminal Law Provisions and additional guidelines for consideration by national legislators seeking to introduce legislative measures to combat competition manipulation. The whole study is available here.