To effectively protect clean athletes and ensure fair competition, the IOC has developed some sound processes for reporting, monitoring and investigating any occurrences of competition manipulation in sport.
These processes serve to protect the Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games, but are also made available for major events organised by other sporting organisations in the Olympic Movement, such as the National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and International Sports Federations (IFs).
Reporting - Integrity Hotline
Any information related to cheating can and should be reported to the IOC Integrity Hotline. Confidentiality is guaranteed.This Hotline can be used to report:
- Competition Manipulation
- Integrity non-compliance (other than competition manipulation)
- Harassment/abuse in sport
- Media complaints
IOC-UNODC Reporting Mechanisms in Sport: A Practical Guide for Development and Implementation
Committing to integrity in sport requires frameworks for reporting, identifying and resolving issues of wrongdoing in sport. The establishment of reporting mechanisms by all sports organizations is a fundamental provision of the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions, the Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions and the World Anti-Doping Code. This Guide provides information on good practice for sports organizations with regard to receiving and handling reports of wrongdoing, including competition manipulation, harassment, doping and corruption.
Effective reporting mechanisms can build a culture of trust, transparency and professionalism, while ineffective mechanisms can lead to a culture of fear and secrecy and escalating criminality. At the same time, effective reporting mechanisms rely on a positive organizational culture, embodied by the supporting principles of commitment, trustworthiness and impartiality.
INTEGRITY BETTING INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM (IBIS):
Since the Olympic Games Beijing 2008, betting on all Olympic competitions has been monitored. Any irregular pattern reported is analysed, with the support of national and international police forces, including INTERPOL. Should an irregular pattern be detected or serious suspicion raised, a disciplinary commission can be set up by the IOC President.
To step up its efforts in this field, the IOC created the Integrity Betting Intelligence System (IBIS) in January 2014, and it has been operational during every Olympic Games since Sochi 2014.
The aims of the IBIS are:
to support International Sports Federations (IFs) and organisers of multisport events, including the Olympic Games, in the fight for clean competitions by providing them with alerts and intelligence via a centralised mechanism for the exchange of information;
to protect clean athletes from any negative influence related to sports betting; and
to create a framework for transparency, confidentiality and trust between all stakeholders.
What does the IBIS do?
The IBIS collects and distributes information and intelligence related to sports betting for use by all stakeholders of the Olympic Movement.
As an IT platform, IBIS enables communication between all partners on the sports side and the different entities involved in sports betting through Single Points of Contact (SPOC).
Olympic Games Joint Integrity Intelligence Units
During the Games, the IOC collaborates closely with the Organising Committee, national authorities and police forces, and INTERPOL in order to prevent, monitor, assess and react quickly and effectively to any unethical activity related to the Olympic Games. This work takes shape by the set-up of Joint Integrity Intelligence Units.
London 2012: The IOC collaborated with the London 2012 Organising Committee and the public authorities to establish a Unit to monitor and assess the prevalence of match-fixing at the London Games and act in case of a suspicion. Their post-Olympic report stated: “London 2012 was the first Games where threats from corrupt sports betting were elevated to a level of focus that doping has attracted.”
Rio 2016: During the Olympic Games Rio 2016, a Joint Integrity Intelligence Unit (JIIU) was created in collaboration between the IOC, the Rio 2016 Organising Committee, Brazilian law enforcement and INTERPOL. Learn more here.
PyeongChang 2018: A JIIU is in place for the Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018 to ensure that information is exchanged between all key players involved (IOC, POCOG, national authorities and INTERPOL). This Unit will assess and determine the appropriate measures if a risk or threat is identified. Intelligence may lead to disciplinary sanctions by the IOC or criminal prosecution by the police.
Sports Investigators Network
With the aim of sharing information, intelligence and best practices in tackling competition manipulation and related corruption in sport, the Olympic Movement Unit on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions (OM Unit PMC) facilitated the creation of the ‘Sports Investigators Network’ counting over 200 trained Sports Investigators. These experts are independent from the IOC and come principally from International and National Sports Federations, National Olympic Committees or sport’s disciplinary bodies responsible for investigating wrongdoing in sport linked to the manipulation of competitions. All have received training through the IOC-INTERPOL Capacity Building Investigator’s Training. The ‘Sports Investigators Network’ is a non-commercial initiative that is managed by the OM Unit PMC and linked to its constituents and similar networks including INTERPOL’s Match-Fixing Task Force, Europol and the Group of Copenhagen. Members of the list are accessible on request by partners of the OM Unit PMC.
The Network is not an official recognition by the IOC of any quality or capacity of a person or entity who is part of the network.