The region around Sochi used the Olympic Winter Games as an opportunity to improve and develop the transport system in the city and its surrounding areas.
Sochi’s seaport benefited from significant investments that modernised its infrastructure and increased its capacity, thanks to the construction of eight port stations. Another key project included the development of a logistical transport centre for managing road traffic and passenger flows. As of 2016, the total number of passengers carried by public transport reached 92.3 million, an increase of 25.2 per cent from 2015. Major rail projects were also delivered, such as the train lines from Sochi to Krasnaya Polyana.
Transport infrastructure projects were at the centre of a controversy around costs, as they were the main component of the high price tag often associated with the Games. These projects have also been called into question by international media as their scale seemed to far exceed the current demand. However, it is important to note that this infrastructure was developed following standard international practice, taking into consideration prospective growth in future decades, rather than catering solely for the short-term needs.