Constructed for the Sochi Games, the Bolshoy Ice Dome hosted the ice hockey matches and has since become the home arena for the Sochi Hockey Club. The club joined the Kontinental Hockey League in the 2014/2015 season.
The Ice Dome has hosted Night Hockey League matches, the Euro Hockey Tour, matches of the Channel One Cup and the Kontinental Hockey League All-Star Games. It has also hosted cultural events such as the Vivat Russia dance contest in 2014 and performances from the Cirque du Soleil in the summer of 2016, 2017 and 2018.
Additional training rinks, workout areas and gyms at the complex are used for the development of young athletes. With a seating capacity for 12,000 people, the Ice Dome attracted nearly 160,000 spectators during the 2016/2017 hockey season.