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Olympic venues Overview

IOC / Map of the competition venues of the Sapporo 1972 Olympic Winter Games.
02 Oct 2020
Olympic Venues, Sapporo 1972 Legacy
Eight of the 12 sports facilities used for the Olympic Winter Games Sapporo 1972 remain in use.

One venue existed before the Games (the Okurayama ski jump hill), and 11 were purpose built.

Two temporary venues (the Mount Eniwa Alpine skiing and the cross-country skiing venues)were dismantled right after the Games; one, the biathlon venue, was re-purposed into a general firing range for the Japan Ground Self-Defence Force, as planned; and another venue (the sliding tracks) was underused and eventually dismantled around 30 years after the Games. The other eight venues remain in use, hosting sports and leisure activities.

The Makomanai biathlon course was built for the Games as well, with a plan to re-purpose it into a shooting range and training field for the Ground Self-Defence Force. This went ahead as planned after the Games.

The Makomanai cross-country skiing site was a temporary venue and was dismantled as envisaged after the Games, although people continue to practise cross-country skiing in Makomanai Park.

This park, which became the hub of the Games, is central to the legacy of Sapporo 1972. The site contained two key venues – the Makomanai Indoor Skating Rink and the Makomanai Speed Skating Rink (outdoor), which remain popular with the local community and visitors.

Alpine skiing was split across two venues at Sapporo 1972. Slalom and giant slalom were held at Mount Teine, an existing resort known as one of Japan’s best ski destinations and renowned for the quality of its snow. The Mount Eniwa slope was, as planned, removed after the competition, and the forest there was replanted.

The Mount Teine bobsleigh and luge courses were purpose built for the Games but did not serve much afterwards, as there was no sliding sports culture in Japan. They were eventually closed in 1991, when Nagano was awarded the Olympic Winter Games 1998, and eventually dismantled 30 years after the Games. Unfortunately, the work was not done properly, as some infrastructure, such as the start houses, was left and has since been abandoned.

The Miyanomori jump hill (purpose built) and the Okurayama jump hill (existing) are still regularly used for international and national competitions, and as training sites.

As per the post-Games planning, the Olympic Village provided housing for local citizens in the south of the city and is overseen by the Urban Renaissance Agency (previously known as the Japan Housing Authority).

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