Host nation claim first golds - London 2012 - Cycling
Bradley Wiggins wrote his name in history after becoming the first man to win the Tour de France and Olympic gold in the same year with victory in the Road Cycling Time Trial.
Wiggins was the penultimate of 37 riders to take to the course and completed the 44km route in 50:39.54 to triumph by 42 seconds, with fellow Briton Chris Froome third in 51:47.87.
World champion Tony Martin of Germany clocked 51:21.54 to claim silver.
Wiggins, who is from London, said: 'It's been an amazing six weeks.
'This was the plan. I've answered all the questions in the last six weeks.
'We've done it. To win another Olympic title in another event, it's never, ever going to get any better than that.'
In the women's event, Kristin Armstrong retained her title and promptly announced her retirement.
Armstrong was last of the 24 riders to roll down the start ramp and led at every time check, with world champion Judith Arndt of Germany second in 37:50.29 and Russia's Olga Zabelinskaya, who finished third in Sunday's road race, taking bronze in 37:57.35.
Gyurta lowered Christian Sprenger's world mark by 0.03 seconds to 2:07.28. Britain's Michael Jamieson was second with Japan's Ryo Tateishi third.
China's Liuyang Jiao won the women's 200m Butterfly and Nathan Adrian edged out James Magnussen by one-hundredth of a second in the 100m Freestyle.
Great Britain celebrated their first gold medal of the London 2012 Games - which was swiftly followed by number two courtesy of Wiggins - after Helen Glover and Heather Stanning stormed to victory in the final of the women's Rowing Pair.
Glover and Stanning dominated the field, winning by more than a length to make history at Eton Dorney as the first British female rowers to be crowned Olympic champions.
South Korean teenager Jangmi Kim beat reigning Olympic champion Ying Chen of China with her final round to win gold in the women's 25m Pistol while world champions Kai Qin and Yutong Luo maintained China's dominance in the Diving with gold in the Synchronised 3m Springboard.
Italy's Daniele Molmenti celebrated his 28th birthday with gold in the men's Kayak Single (K1).
The current European champion, who could only manage 10th in Beijing, won in a time of 93.43, ahead of the Czech Republic's Vavrinec Hradilek in silver and Germany's Hannes Aigner, who claimed bronze.
In the men's Hockey, Australia defeated Spain 5-0, Pakistan beat Argentina 2-0, New Zealand stunned India 3-1 and Holland overcame neighbours Belgium 3-1 while South Africa drew 2-2 with Great Britain.
World champion Lucie Decosse claimed Olympic Judo gold for France with victory over German Kerstin Thiele in the women's Middleweight (63-70kg) final at ExCeL while Dae-Nam Song triumphed in the men's Middleweight (81-90kg).
Xiaoxia Li caused an upset against Chinese compatriot Ning Ding to claim Olympic gold in the women's Table Tennis Singles.
Japan's Kohei Uchimura won Individual All-Around Artistic Gymnastics gold at the North Greenwich Arena.
Uchimura, who won silver in the competition four years ago in Beijing, scored 92.690 to see off the challenge of German Marcel Nguyen in silver medal position with American Danell Leyva in bronze, just under two points off the lead.