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Cross Country Skiing

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Cross country skiing is the oldest type of skiing. It emerged from a need to travel over snow-covered terrain and developed as a sport at the end of the 19th century.

Norwegian origins

For centuries in the snow-covered North, skis were required to chase game and gather firewood in winter time. With long distances between the small, isolated communities and hard, snowy winters, skiing also became important as means of keeping in social contact. The word “ski” is a Norwegian word which comes from the Old Norse word “skid”, a split length of wood.

Earliest form

Different types of skis emerged at various regions at about the same time. One type had a horizontal toe-piece binding. The modern ski bindings are based on the Fennoscandian model of the 19th century. The East Siberian type was a thin board with a vertical four-hole binding. Sometimes it was covered with fur. The Lapps used a horizontal stem-hole binding. Present-day cross country skis were developed from the type used by the Lapps.

First competition

Norwegian army units were skiing for sport (and prizes) in the 18th century. Skiing for sport appeared in Norway in the mid 19th century; the first race on record is 1842.The famous Holmenkollen ski festival started in 1892, with the focus initially on the Nordic combined event. However in 1901, a separate cross country race was added to the festival.

Scandinavian dominance

The men’s event debuted at the first Winter Olympic Games in Chamonix in 1924 and the women’s event debuted at the 1952 Oslo Games. The sport has traditionally been dominated by the Nordic countries.

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Gallery

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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi/Crosscountry_skiing/Day-06/O-SPT-06-CC-W-10K-F/O-SPT-06-CC-W-10K-F_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Cross-Country Skiing - Ladies' 10km Classic - Kowalczyk Wins Gold

Highlights from the Laura Cross-Country Skiing Stadium as Poland's Justiyna Kowalczyk wins Gold in the Ladies' 10km Classic Cross-Country Skiing event at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.


 Medal Winners
 Gold - Justyna Kowalczyk (POL)
 Silver - Charlotte Kalla (SWE)
 Bronze - Therese Johaug (NOR)

IOC
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi/Crosscountry_skiing/Day-02/O-SPT-02-CC-M-SKATH-F/O-SPT-02-CC-M-SKATH-F_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Men's Skiathlon 15 km Classic + 15 km Free - Cologna Wins Gold

Highlights of the Men's Skiathlon 15 km Classic + 15 km Free from the Laura Cross-Country Ski Stadium as Switzerland's Dario Cologna wins the gold medal at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

Medal Winners

Gold: Dario Cologna (SUI)
Silver: Marcus Hellner (SWE)
Bronze: Martin Johnsrud Sundby (NOR)

IOC
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2010/03/01/121CrossCountrySkiingSprintWomenGoldH/121CrossCountrySkiingSprintWomenGold_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

BJORGEN skies for the olympic victory

BJORGEN skies for gold in the Womens Sprint
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/1992/02/08/lot3-belmondo stephanie wm duke high/belmondo_stephanie_wm_duke_high_,0200,0400,0600,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Stefania Belmondo Claims Her 1st Olympic Title

Stefania Belmondo, one of the most successful skiers of all time, has participated in 5 different Winter Games (1988, 1992, 1994, 1998 and 2002), capturing a total of 10 Olympic medals (2 golds, 3 silver and 5 bronze medals). At the Albertville 1992 Games, Stefania becomes an Olympic champion winning her fist gold medal in the 30 km, six years later she claims silver in the same event at Nanago 1998. Stefania Belmondo (ITA) - Cross Country Skiing - Albertville 1992, Nanago 1998
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/1992/02/08/lot4-daehlie bjorn cio wm high/daehlie_bjorn_cio_wm_high_,0200,0400,0600,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Bjorn Daehlie Adds 2 Medals to His Collection

Bjorn Daehlie is the most decorated winter athlete of all time. At the 1992 Games, he crosses the finish line in 1:23:14.0 to claim the 30 km silver medal. He also adds a gold medal to his collection by winning the 50km event in 2:03:41.5. Bjorn Daehli has captured a total of 12 Olympic medals (8 gold and 4 silver). Bjorn Daehlie (NOR) - Alpine Skiing - Albertville 1992
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi_IOC/sarajevo-1984/456-1984_HAEMAELAINEN_Marja-Lisa_Master_IOCYoutubeHD_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,1200,0600,1800,0400,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,0200,0200,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Women's Cross-Country - Hämäläinen Wins Gold

Highlights of the women's cross-country during the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games. Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi-Hämäläinen from Finland wins gold.

IOC


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