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Biathlon

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Biathlon combines the power and aggression of cross-country skiing with the precision and calm of marksmanship.

Roots in survival

The word biathlon stems from the Greek word for two contests, and is today seen as the joining of two sports; skiing and shooting. Biathlon has its roots in survival skills practised in the snow-covered forests of Scandinavia, where people hunted on skis with rifles slung over their shoulders.

Standardising the rules

In 1948, the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne et Biathlon (UIPMB) was founded, to standardise the rules for biathlon and pentathlon. In 1993, the biathlon branch of the UIPMB created the International Biathlon Union (IBU), which officially separated from the UIPMB in 1998.

First competition

Biathlon-type events in Scandinavia are known to have been held as early as the 18th century. The first modern biathlon probably occurred in 1912 when the Norwegian military organised the Forvarsrennet in Oslo. An annual event, it consisted initially of a 17km cross-country ski race with two-minute penalties incurred by misses in the shooting part of the competition.

Olympic history

In 1924 in Chamonix, an ancient form of biathlon made its Olympic debut: the military patrol, this event was then in demonstration in 1928, 1936 and 1948. After some attempts to incorporate it into a winter pentathlon, biathlon appeared at the Games in its current form in 1960 in Squaw Valley. Women’s biathlon made its first appearance on the Olympic programme in Albertville in 1992.

Until the 1976 Games in Innsbruck, the events comprised an individual race and a relay. In Lake Placid in 1980, a second individual event was introduced.

In Salt Lake City in 2002, a 12.5km pursuit event was added for men and 10km for women. From Turin in 2006, a new mass-start event was introduced for both men and women. This brings together the 30 best athletes from the World Cup.

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Gallery

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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi/Biathlon/Day-01/O-SPT-01-BT-M-10kSPT-F/O-SPT-01-BT-M-10kSPT-F_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Men's Biathlon 10km Sprint - Bjoerndalen Wins Gold

Highlights of the Men's Biathlon 10km Sprint from the Laura Cross-Country Ski Stadium as Norway's Ole Einar Bjoerndalen wins the gold medal at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

Medal Winners

Gold: Ole Einar Bjoerndalen (NOR)
Silver: Dominik Landertinger (AUT)
Bronze: Jaroslav Soukup (CZE)

IOC
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi/Biathlon/Day-07/O-SPT-07-BT-W-15k-F/O-SPT-07-BT-W-15k-F_,0400,0600,1200,0200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Biathlon - Women's 15km Individual - Darya Domracheva Wins Gold

Highlights from the Laura Biathlon Stadium of the Biathlon Women's 15km Individual as Darya Domracheva wins her second gold of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

Medals
Gold - Darya Domracheva (BLR)
Silver - Selina Gasparin (SUI)
Bronze - Nadezhda Skardino (BLR)

IOC
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2014/02_Sochi/Biathlon/Day-06/O-SPT-06-BT-M-20K-F/O-SPT-06-BT-M-20K-F_,0200,1200,0400,0600,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Biathlon - Men's 20km Individual - Fourcade Wins Gold

Highlights of the Biathlon Men's 20km Individual from the Laura Biathlon Stadium as Martin Fourcade wins Gold at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

Medals
Gold - Martin Fourcade (FRA)
Silver - Erik Lesser (GER)
Bronze - Evgeniy Garanichev (RUS)

IOC
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2010/03/01/081BiathlonIndividualMenGoldH/081BiathlonIndividualMenGold_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Svendsen speeds to glory

Svendsen tooks gold in the Men's Biathlon 20km Individual Competition
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2010/03/01/065BiathlonPursuitWomenEventH/065BiathlonPursuitWomenEvent_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Neuner speeds to glory

Neuner tooks gold in the Women's Biathlon 10km Pursuit Competition
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https://olympic-vh.akamaihd.net/i/Assets/MediaPlayer/Videos/Streaming/2006/02/10/lot2-064 Biath W 12/064 Biath W 12.5k Mass_,0200,0400,0600,1200,1800,.mp4.csmil/master.m3u8

Women's biathlon 12.5km mass start - Torino 2006

Anna Carin Olofsson (Sweden) leads Kati Wilhelm and Uschi Disl (both Germany) in the 12.5km mass start.
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