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2018 CIO / MARTIN, Greg

Learning and Sharing: Supporting the Candidate Cities and OCOGs

OGKM guides and supports candidate cities and OCOGs throughout their Olympic candidature process/ lifecycles by providing them with services, experiences and information gathered from past editions of the Games. In return, each Games organiser is required to both participate in and contribute to the programme for the benefit of future Games' organisers.

OGKM strives to make the information as bespoke as possible to fit the unique needs and circumstances of each city. Such tailored services help increase efficiency, lower costs and provide for the best possible positive legacies.

The IOC, through OGKM, transfers two basic kinds of knowledge to the cities – tangible and intangible. The tangible includes documents, statistics, data, images, artefacts and technology solutions. The intangible includes know-how, expertise, intuition, behaviours, interpretations and opinions that reside in the heads of Olympic stakeholders.

Some of the ways developed by OGKM to impart such knowledge include:

  • Access to a structured knowledge repository (called OGKM Extranet) containing all information from previous and current OCOGs;

  • A consolidated Body of Knowledge (BOK) made up of Games reference materials (detailed manuals, guides, etc.) and enriched through processes such as Knowledge Reviews;

  • Customized workshops and seminars; and

  • Experiential activities such as social interactions, observations, access to expertise, etc. These occur during Games Debriefings, Observer and Secondment Programmes, workshops and Advisor Services that support the transfer of implicit knowledge and learning.

In addition to providing OCOGS with tailored turnkey learning solutions, the IOC closely collaborates with the OCOGs' Information Knowledge Management teams to support them in the development of their learning strategies and to help them identify additional learning opportunities that are most relevant to their specific contexts.

2016 CIO / MULLAN, Dan

Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) was established by the IOC in 2000 as a way of streamlining the Olympic Games by retaining all the information and expertise of past Games organisers and transferring it to future and potential organisers of the Olympic Games.

This transfer of knowledge allows future Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs) to build on the best practices of previous hosts, deal with common challenges, and limit any risks.

Through OGKM, local organising committees and candidate cities, most of whom are facing the challenge of organising the Olympic Games for the first time, learn what it takes to successfully plan and deliver the Games. OGKM is also responsible for helping candidate cities and OCOGs develop their own unique visions for the Games and position themselves to leave long-lasting legacies for their citizens.

OGKM aims to inspire a passion for learning and sharing among all Olympic Movement stakeholders. It does through face-to-face services such as workshops and networking, as well as technology-based services such as information databases.

In line with Olympic Agenda 2020, these services are tailored to meet the specific needs of each OCOG, putting them on a pathway to successfully deliver their editions of the Olympic Games. Since the launch of Olympic Agenda 2020, OGKM has expanded its focus even wider to provide better support to host and candidate cities, reduce Games-related costs, and enhance Games governance.

Click on the links to the right for more details on OGKM and its related functions.

2016 CIO / LEWIS, Matthew


Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) has continued to evolve and improve since its establishment in 2000. In its current incarnation, known informally as OGKM 3.0, the programme aims to inspire a passion for learning and sharing among all Olympic Movement stakeholders by delivering efficient and innovative knowledge services. These include:

  • Understanding the specific context and timing of candidate cities/ OCOGs' needs to provide accurate guidance;

  • Educating candidate cities/ OCOGs through learning opportunities;

  • Encouraging candidate cities/ OCOGs to share acquired knowledge; and

  • Empowering the IOC Games Management team with tailored data and information services.

2017 CIO / MARTIN, Greg

The IOC and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) strive to provide an integrated approach for all OCOGs in planning and organising the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

OGKM works together with the IPC Knowledge Management Department to achieve synergies and maximize the efficiency of available resources. This is most evident in the transfer of knowledge from past and current OCOGs to future organisers in the most useful and seamless way possible.

In addition, the IPC manages its own distinct knowledge management programme that focuses on Paralympic-specific information to assist future organisers of the Paralympic Games. The main vehicle for this is the Paralympic Excellence Programme, developed and provided in cooperation with the IPC’s educational arm, the IPC Academy. The programme includes education and readiness components as well as the IPC Observers Programme during the Games and IPC Debriefing post-Games. 

2011 Rio 2016 / HUOLIVER

OGKM has identified four concrete areas of activities to deliver its mission: 

Programme Management 

Provide efficient management tools and OGKM workstreams that are clearly defined and specifically tailored to the unique needs of each candidate city and OCOG.

Education Services 

Provide educational methodologies and services that help candidate cities and OCOGs develop into learning organisations.

Observation and Experience Services 

Provide candidate cities and OCOGs with opportunities to share and gain knowledge from each other in interactive and immersed ways.

Information Management Services 

Maintain the consistency of the Olympic Games information framework and provide candidate cities and OCOGs with highly efficient librarian services.

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