In May 2018, the IOC Athletes’ Commission’s (AC) proposal for a new medal reallocation process was approved by the IOC Executive Board, providing an opportunity to shine a deserved spotlight on the athletes who were denied the chance to celebrate their achievements in the moment.
“This decision once again underlines how integral athletes are to the decision-making processes within the IOC and the big strides that are being taken to restore trust across the Olympic Movement at large,” said IOC AC Chair Kirsty Coventry.
The Olympic Medal Reallocation Principles support the Athletes’ Declaration and its aspiration to promote the ability and opportunity of athletes to be part of a transparent, fair and clean sporting environment, particularly one that fights against doping and competition manipulation.
Central to the Commission’s proposals was the idea that athletes can choose how they want their medals to be awarded, with a range of options available. The years of hard work that you put in to reach the top of your sport should be recognised properly, and offering athletes a chance to receive reallocated medals in a way that feels right to them is a key part of that.
This period includes the legal proceedings from the AAF until the Anti-doping rule violation (ADRV) decision. If the athlete appeals the first decision there can be up to 3 proceedings – each take up to 8 months.
Preparation of the IOC EB decision
Once all legal remedies are exhausted, the IOC asks the IF for the new official ranking. When possible, the IOC retests all athletes eligible for reallocation.
IOC EB decision
The IOC EB approves the medal reallocation. The IOC contacts the relevant doc to proceed.
UP TO 12 MONTHS
Once the IOC EB decision is taken, the athlete is informed by her/his NOC about the next steps in the process (in accordance with Olympic Medal Reallocation Principles (up to 12 months)).
In advance of the decision to reallocate a medal, the following steps will be taken:
- Exhaustion of all legal remedies.
- Where such samples are available, at least one sample from any athlete bumped up should be reanalysed and confirmed negative. If no sample is available to be re-analysed, then the athlete is given the benefit of the doubt.
- Athletes must return their original medals to obtain their new medals.
- There should be no lower limit on the original finish position of an athlete who could be considered for an Olympic medal reallocation.
- All final decisions will be taken by the IOC Executive Board with the International Federations being responsible for the final result and ranking of the Olympic competitions in accordance with the Olympic Charter.
The following six options are proposed to each athlete who can then choose their preference:
- The next Olympic Games (for reallocations from PyeongChang 2018 onwards).
- The Youth Olympic Games.
- The IOC headquarters or Olympic Museum.
- At a National Olympic Committee function.
- At an International Federation event or function.
- To have a private ceremony.
Once their decision is confirmed, the IOC works with the National Olympic Committees of each athlete with the aim of completing the ceremony within 12 months, unless the athlete chooses to have the reallocation at the next Olympic Games.
Communication of the options of the Olympic Medal Reallocation Ceremony are provided to athletes through their NOCs. Their respective International Federation are also notified immediately after.
The ceremony must take place within 12 months of the official IOC announcement, or from PyeongChang 2018 onwards during the next edition of the Olympic Games. A reallocated medal from a Games of the Olympiad can only be awarded at the Games of the Olympiad and likewise for the Olympic Winter Games.