Programme of the Olympic Games
The components of the programme are sports, disciplines and events. A discipline is a branch of a sport comprising one or several events. An event is a competition in a sport or in one of its disciplines, resulting in a ranking and giving rise to the award of medals and diplomas. The choice of all sports for the programme, as well as the determination of the criteria and conditions for the inclusion of any sport in the programme, falls within the competence of the Session.
The decision to include an event in the programme falls within the competence of the IOC Executive Board. After each edition of the Olympic Games, the IOC reviews the programme. The inclusion of a sport in the programme of any edition of an Olympic Games shall be decided not later than at the Session electing the host city of that edition of the Olympic Games.
Under the recommendations of Olympic Agenda 2020, passed unanimously by the IOC Session in December 2014, the IOC will now allow an Organising Committee of the Olympic Games (OCOG) to make a proposal for the inclusion of one or more additional events on the Olympic programme for that edition of the Olympic Games.
The inclusion of events in the programme of any edition of an Olympic Games shall be decided by the IOC Executive Board not later than three years before the opening of the Olympic Games. The deadlines may be waived, in order to allow changes in the programme with the approval of the relevant International Federation, of the OCOG and of the competent organ of the IOC.
28 sports are currently included in the programme of the Games of the Olympiad Tokyo 2020.
For the Olympic Winter Games, the procedure to be followed will be the same as the procedure applicable to the Games of the Olympiad. Only the number of sports included is different.
Seven sports are currently included in the programme of the Olympic Winter Games Beijing 2022.
Rule 45 of the Olympic Charter provides more information on this topic.