After the terrorist attack in 1972 and the financial disaster of 1976, only Los Angeles bid for the right to host the 1984 Olympic Games. As the Los Angeles Games were the first since 1896 to be staged without government financing, the organisers depended heavily on existing facilities and corporate sponsors. Although criticised at the time, the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games became the model for future Games, particularly after it was revealed that they had produced a profit of US$ 223 million.
The Soviet Boycott
With the Olympics being held in the United States only four years after the U.S.- led boycott of the Moscow Games, it was not surprising that the Soviet Union organised a revenge boycott in 1984. This time only 14 nations stayed away - but those nations accounted for 58% of the gold medals at the 1976 Olympics.
A Big Enthusiasm
Despite the boycott, a record 140 nations took part. Good feelings prevailed to such an extent that at the Opening Ceremony the athletes broke ranks to join in spontaneous dancing, such celebration usually being reserved for the Closing Ceremony.
An oddity occurred in men’s 400m freestyle swimming. Beginning in 1984 and until 1996, the eight fastest qualifiers took part in the “A” final and the ninth to sixteenth fastest swam in a consolation “B” final. For the only time in Olympic history, the winner of the “B” final, Thomas Fahrner (FRG) recorded a faster time than the winner of the “A” final.
Marathon for women
Fifty-six years after doctors declared that women who ran 800m would “become old too soon,” a women’s marathon was added to the Olympic programme.
New on the programme
Rhythmic gymnastics and synchronised swimming also made their first appearance, as did the women’s cycling road race.
Diplomas of Honour are awarded to the top eight finishers in each event
Los Angeles 28 July 1984 : the spectacle. The brass band " All american Marching Band ".
Official opening of the Games by: President of the United States of America Ronald Reagan
Lighting the Olympic Flame by: Rafer Johnson (athletics)
Olympic Oath by: Edwin Moses (athletics)
Official Oath by: Sharon Weber (artistic gymnastics)