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Ice Hockey Equipment and History





Elbow pads

A moulded pad that protects the elbow and elbow joint and provides forearm protection.

Goalkeepers' equipment

Goalkeepers' equipment includes a goalkeeper stick, goalkeeper skates, blocking glove, catching glove, helmet with full face mask and leg guards.


The player's gloves must cover their hand and wrist, and their palm must not be removed to permit the use of bare hands.


A helmet with the chinstrap properly fastened must be worn by players so that the lower edge of the helmet is not more than one finger-width above the eyebrows; there should only be enough room between the strap and the chin to insert one finger.


The puck is made of vulcanised rubber or other material approved by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) and is primarily black in colour. The puck is 2.54cm thick and 7.62cm in diameter and must weigh between 156 and 170g. It can move at speeds of more than 150km/h.

Shin guards

A device contoured and moulded to protect the shin, knee and calf.

Shoulder pad

Padding that provides extra protection for critical points of the shoulder, biceps, sternum, shoulder blade and spine.


Players must wear ice hockey skates with safety heel guards.


Sticks are made of wood or other material, such as aluminium or plastic. The stick must not have any projections and all edges must be bevelled. Adhesive non-fluorescent tape of any colour may be wrapped around the stick at any place. Sticks are prohibited from being curved more than 1.5cm.


A clear plastic shield attached to the helmet that comes down to the lower edge of the player's nose. Male players born after 31 December 1974 must wear, at the very least, a visor that meets approved international standards. All women players must wear full face masks.