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Equestrian / Jumping Equipment and History

   

Equipment

   

History

Bit

The metal mouthpiece on a bridle, to which the reins are attached.

Blinkers

The flaps on a bridle which stop a horse from seeing backwards or sideways (unauthorized in competition).

Breeches

Trousers worn specifically for riding.

Bridle

A harness that fits around a horse's head, holding the bit.

Cup

An attachment to the wing of a jump, which holds the rail in position.

Fence

1. in jumping, a vertical obstacle usually no higher than 1.6 metres but involving substantial width, constructed with colourful poles, planks, hedges, fake stone or brick, or flowers. 2. in the three-day event, a vertical obstacle usually less than 1.2 metres high and constructed with natural materials designed to fit with the terrain.

Gate

A vertical fence made with planks, balustrades, gates or other items to present a solid obstacle.

Hunting Stock

A broad band worn around a rider's neck.

Obstacle

In show jumping and the three-day event, an object a horse must clear to complete the course, such as a fence, gate or water jump.

Oxer

A single fence consisting of two elements which make a spread jump, such as parallel oxers.

Parallel Oxer

An obstacle featuring front and back rails of equal height set wide apart to produce a spread, creating a difficult jump.

Rail

In showjumping and the three-day event, a pole which makes up a part of some obstacles. SaddleThe seat for the rider on the back of a horse. Safety cupA special cup used to hold the back rail of a spread fence. This cup releases and drops the rail if the horse hits it.

Saddle

The seat for the rider on the back of a horse.

Safety Cup

A special cup used to hold the back rail of a spread fence. This cup releases and drops the rail if the horse hits it.

Spread

A show jumping obstacle with an element of width, not just height, and which is generally higher and wider than the other spread jumps.

Spur

A pointed device attached to a rider's boot heel and used to encourage a horse. VerticalAn obstacle which is difficult to jump because of its height.

Vertical

An obstacle which is difficult to jump because of its height.

Vertical fence

A straight up-and-down fence without width, creating a relatively difficult obstacle. Water jumpAn obstacle requiring a horse to jump over a wide expanse of water, usually with a low hedge or fence at the leading edge.

Water Jump

An obstacle requiring a horse to jump over a wide expanse of water, usually with a low hedge or fence at the leading edge.

Whip

A long, thin, hand-held device used to encourage a horse.