The Paralympic Games have always been held in the same year as the Olympic Games. Since the 1988 Seoul Summer Games and the 1992 Albertville Winter Games, they have also taken place at the same venues as the Olympic Games.
On 19 June 2001, an agreement was signed between the International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee aimed at protecting the organisation of the Paralympic Games and securing the practice of "one bid, one city", meaning that the staging of the Paralympics is automatically included in the bid for the Olympic Games. The agreement addresses the general scope and organisation of the Paralympic Games, with the aim of creating similar principles for the organisation of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. This agreement came into effect with the Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games, followed by the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Winter Games.
Since the Salt Lake 2002 Games, one organising committee has been responsible for hosting both the Olympic and the Paralympic Games. Athletes from both Games live in the same village and enjoy the same catering services, medical care and facilities. Ticketing, technology and transport systems for the Olympic Games are seamlessly extended to the Paralympics.
Immediately following the end of the 2002 Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake City, important transformations took place to prepare for the 2002 Winter Paralympics, held from 7 to 16 March 2002. Four hundred and sixteen athletes from 36 nations competed in Alpine and Nordic skiing and ice sledge hockey at the Salt Lake City Paralympics.
The last Paralympic Summer Games were held in Beijing, China, from 6 to 17 September 2008. A total of 3,951 athletes from 146 countries competed in 20 sports in the state-of-the-art venues at the 2008 Paralympics.
The Canadian city of Vancouver hosted the last Paralympic Winter Games from 12 to 21 March 2010. A total of 502 athletes from 44 countries took part in the following five sports: Alpine Skiing, Ice Sledge Hockey, Cross-Country Skiing, Biathlon and Wheelchair Curling.
The next Paralympic Summer Games will take place from 29 August to 9 September 2012 in London, Great Britain.