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Olympic diploma 1905

© CIO


In 1901, it was decided to create an Olympic diploma. Created by André Slom (1844-1909), it shows the Acropolis in Athens viewed through one of the arches of the Eiffel Tower, and, in the foreground, athletes practising boxing, fencing and wrestling.

It was awarded for the first time in 1905 to Theodore Roosevelt, polar explorer Nansen, and other people, such as Albert Santos-Dumont, the Brazilian aviation pioneer for whom Louis Cartier developed the first men’s wristwatch. These people stood out “less for their athletic qualities than for the use they put them to”.