During the 96th IOC Session, in September 1990 in Tokyo, International Olympic Committee members voted in the final round for Atlanta (51 votes) over Athens (35 votes).
Next to the site of the main competition venues was an open area known as the Centennial Olympic Park. The park appeared to be part of the Games, but was not actually a part of the Olympic security system. In the early hours of 27 July, a bomb exploded in the park, resulting in the death of two people and the injury of 110 more.
Athletes from a record-breaking 79 countries won medals and 53 countries won gold medals.
Sailor Hubert Raudaschl (AUT) became the first person ever to compete in nine Olympics. Before he began his streak in 1964, he was a reserve in 1960.
Tennis player Virag Csurgo (HUN) was entered in the doubles event only. On the morning of 24 July, she was helping a team-mate to warm up when she was informed that one of the singles entrants had failed to appear and Csurgo could take her place if she showed up for the first round match which was to begin in five minutes' time. Wearing her practice shorts and a t-shirt, Csurgo hurried over to the court and actually won the match.
In the second round of the middleweight (82kg) freestyle wrestling tournament, Elmadi Jabrailov of Kazakhstan faced Lucman Jabrailov of Moldova. The two were brothers from Chechnya, but chose not to represent Russia because of its war against their homeland. Elmadi won the high-scoring but unusually friendly encounter by 10 points to 8.
A full house
For the first time in Olympic history, all 197 recognized National Olympic Committees were represented at the Games.
New on the programme
Beach volleyball, mountain biking, lightweight rowing and women's football made their first appearance
The professionals are admitted
Professionals were admitted to the cycling events.
For women only
A women-only sport was introduced: softball.
Professionals in football
Each team that qualified for the football tournament was allowed to include three professionals, regardless of age or olympic experience.
Elimination of demonstration sports
Some demonstration sports were included in various editions of the Olympic Games up until 1992. The Organising Committees for the Olympic Games (OCOGs) could integrate demonstration sports into the Olympic programme. However, the organisation of these demonstrations created a lot of extra work for the OCOGs, which had to provide services that were almost identical to those for the sports on the Olympic programme. Therefore, at the 95th Session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), held in 1989 in Puerto Rico, it was decided that demonstration sports would be eliminated definitively from the 1996 Atlanta Games onwards.
Celebration in the Olympic Stadium for the Centenary Games.
Official opening of the Games by: President Bill Clinton
Lighting the Olympic Flame by: Muhammad Ali (boxing)
Olympic Oath by: Teresa Edwards (basketball)
Official Oath by: Hobie Billingsly (diving)