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Road Equipment and History

   

Equipment

   

History

Bar

The crosspiece of wood, metal or plastic which high jumpers and pole-vaulters must clear.

Baton

A smooth, hollow metal or wooden tube which is passed from one relay runner to the next.

Box

The contoured dugout in which pole-vaulters place their pole to jump over the bar.

Circle

The round area within which shot-putters, discus and hammer throwers must stay when throwing their respective projectiles.

Running shoes (100m)

Special shoes with no heels are used which have 11 crampons which cannot be longer than 9mm in length.

Running shoes (marathon)

Light running shoes are used, thus reducing the strain on the athlete

Running shoes (walking)

The shoes are light with thin soles which make walking easier.

Running shoes (steeplechase)

Crampons in the front of the shoes are shorter making it easier to clear the steeples. Reinforced heels are used to soften the impact of the landing.

Discus

A wooden plate rimmed with metal, thrown by athletes aiming for the greatest distance.

Hurdles

The obstacles which contestants must leap over in a hurdles race.

Javelin

A metal or wooden shaft with a metal point, similar to a spear, thrown for distance.

Hammer

A heavy metal ball attached to a wire cable which is attached to a handle, used for the hammer throw.

Shot

A heavy metal ball used in the shot put.